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3 tips to manage lung cancer

3 tips to manage lung cancer

Lung cancer occurs when cells in the lungs grow uncontrollably. There are two main types of lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) makes up about 80% to 85% of all lung cancer cases and is slow-growing with a better prognosis. Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) makes up for around 10% to 15% of lung cancer cases and spread rapidly. Some treatment options, foods, and lifestyle changes that can help manage lung cancer are discussed below:

Know the treatment options
One of the most important aspects of cancer treatment is choosing the right treatment options. When it comes to lung cancer, individuals usually opt for chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, or targeted therapy. GAVRETO (pralsetinib) is a prescription treatment option for certain cancers including NSCLC. It is mainly prescribed for the treatment of cancers that are caused due to the abnormal rearranged during transfection (RET) gene. These include NSCLC in adults and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in adults and children over the age of 12 years. GAVRETO is also a treatment option for cancer that has spread to other parts of the body beyond the lungs. However, GAVRETO has a range of side effects that can be mild or severe. Some common side effects include constipation, fatigue, diarrhea, and musculoskeletal pain while more severe side effects include lung disease, hypertension, tumor lysis syndrome, and lowered wound healing abilities. The healthcare practitioner will be able to determine which mode of treatment works best based on the stage and type of lung cancer.

Eat the right foods
While treatment can help tackle NSCLC and SCLC, certain foods can help improve lung function. Peppers are known to be rich sources of vitamin C, which acts as a powerful antioxidant and improves lung health. Turmeric also has antioxidant properties and contains curcumin, which has been found to be beneficial to lung function. One can also add foods such as pumpkins, blueberries, and tomatoes to their daily meals. Pumpkins contain beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin and tomatoes contain lycopene, all of which are known for their antioxidant properties. Blueberries are also packed with nutrients and anthocyanins that help protect lung tissue. On the other hand, greasy foods, spicy foods, and foods high in sodium and processed fats may damage lung health, and therefore, should be avoided.

Try lifestyle changes
Aside from food and treatment, lifestyle changes may also help manage lung cancer. Cancer and cancer treatments can be exhausting and take a toll on one’s physical wellbeing. This makes it crucial to manage the fatigue that comes with cancer. Experts suggest managing and prioritizing one’s tasks to prevent overexertion. They also suggest exercising regularly as it helps boost fitness, energy levels, and even the immune system. But, don’t forget to talk to the doctor before starting any exercise program.